The Labor Party was founded in 1900 and grew out of the trade union movement and socialist parties of the 19th century.
In the early 1920s it became the Conservative Party’s main opposition party and formed two minority governments in the 1920s and early 1930s.
But what historic moments did they create as the Labor Party grew in strength – and when was the last time the UK had a Labor government?
Here’s what you need to know.
When was the last Labor government?
The last Labor government was led by Gordon Brown, who was Prime Minister from 2007 to 2010.
Mr Brown was also Chancellor of the Exchequer from 1997 to 2007, serving under his predecessor Tony Blair.
Mr Blair has been widely credited with reviving the party in the 1990s and making it more appealing to a wider range of voters, although his legacy was tarnished by the Iraq war.
Prior to the current 12-year Tory rule, Labor was also in charge for 12 years.
Before the Blair era began in 1997, Labor was last in government from 1974 to 1979 under Harold Wilson and James Callaghan.
Previously, the UK had a Labor government from 1945 to 1951 under Clement Attlee, best known as Prime Minister at the founding of the NHS.
Before that, Ramsay MacDonald was leader of the Labor government in 1924 and again in 1931.
Since the Labor Party was formed in 1900, they have formed government for a total of 33 years.
Who were the youngest Labor leaders?
There have been four Labor leaders since Mr Brown left office in 2010:
Ms. Harmen has twice been leader of the opposition (leader of the party not in power). The first time was from May to September 2010 and the second time five years later for the same duration from May to September 2015.
Ms. Harmen was the interim leader and was referred to in the media as the “acting leader.” After Ed Miliband was elected Chair, she returned to her role as Deputy Chair.
Mr Miliband became leader of the opposition in 2010 and held office for five years before resigning in 2015.
Following Labor’s defeat by the Conservative Party in the 2015 general election, Mr Miliband resigned from his position.
His tenure as Labor leader was marked by a leftward shift in his party’s policies under the trademark One Nation Labour, and he also became the youngest party leader in its history.
Mr Corbyn replaced Ed Miliband as leader of the opposition (after a brief stint by Mrs Harmen) for five years, from 2015 to 2020.
His successor was Sir Keir Starmer.
Mr Corbyn now sits as an independent MP.
During his tenure as chairman, he advocated the renationalization of public utilities and railroads, a less interventionist military policy, and a reversal of austerity on welfare and public services. Despite being critical of the European Union, he supported continued membership in the 2016 referendum.
However, since his appointment as party leader, there have been allegations of anti-Semitism within the party.
Mr Corbyn launched the Chakrabarti Inquiry, which concluded that the party was not “overrun by anti-Semitism or other forms of racism”, despite an “occasionally toxic atmosphere” and “clear evidence of ignorant attitudes”.
Sir Keir Starmer
Sir Keir, MP for Holborn and St Pancras, has been the leader of the opposition since 2020 following Mr Corbyn’s resignation.
He has been described as representing the soft left within the Labor Party.
Sir Keir has recently come under fire for Beergate, where he is said to have breached Covid-19 restrictions.
After the avalanche of resignations from July 5, 2022, which led to the resignation of over 50 MPs, Boris Johnson has announced his resignation.
Sir Keir responded to the news as “good” but called for “a proper change of government”.
What is Labor Manifesto?
A manifesto is a public statement of policies and objectives issued specifically before an election by a political party or candidate.
In 2022, Labor published a series of regional manifestos for the 5 May 2022 local elections. The main pledges were aimed at recovering from the pandemic, managing the rising cost of living and improving social services.
Sir Keir has said he dropped the party’s 2019 manifesto and said “the slate is wiped clean” as Labor prepares for the next election.
At a recent event, Starmer said, “What we did with the last manifesto is put it aside. We’re starting from scratch. The slate is wiped clean.
“What we have to recognize is that once we get through the pandemic, we need to look at the whole thing and make decisions about where to invest our money.”