What is a penalty corner in hockey? Commonwealth Games rules explained

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England have not won gold in either men’s or women’s hockey at this competition.

Since its inception in 1998, the England women’s team has won two silvers and three bronzes.

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But if you tune in, you might be wondering what some of the rules are?

Here’s everything you need to know:

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What is a penalty corner in ice hockey?

According to the Olympic Games website, it is described as follows.

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“A penalty corner is awarded to the opponent when a player commits a foul within the striking circle, but not always to thwart a possible scoring opportunity.

“The most common cause of a penalty corner is the ball touching a player’s feet in the circle.

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“If an offense occurs outside the striking circle but within the 23-metre area, the referee can still award a penalty corner if the offense is serious.

The explanation continues: “During a penalty corner, the ball is placed 10m from the goalpost on the backline and a player slides the ball across the carpet toward the top of the scoring circle.

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South Africa takes a penalty corner during the men’s ice hockey semi-final match between India and South Africa on day ninth of the Commonwealth Games in Birmingham, central England August 6, 2022. (Photo by Paul ELLIS/AFP) (Photo by PAUL ELLIS/AFP via Getty Images)

“No attacking player may be in the Dee. To score, a player must stop the ball just outside the circle while a teammate attempts to either flick or shoot to score.

“There are many strategies for scoring from a penalty corner.

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“Modern teams use a drag flick style where a specialist on the team uses power, precision and quick wrist work to outsmart the team defending the goal.

“This is called the direct conversion style. Indirect combination methods are also used to score from penalty corners.

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“During a penalty corner, also called a short corner, no more than five players, including the goalkeeper, are allowed to defend the goal. Once the attacking player pushes the ball to the edge of the scoring circle, defenders are allowed to leave the goal line and charge down to thwart a goal.”

What is a penalty kick?

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The Olympic Games website explains: “A penalty stroke or kick will be awarded if an infraction within the circle prevents a specified goal from being scored.

“Unlike the penalty corner, the penalty kick is a one-on-one situation where a goalkeeper is tasked with repelling a direct shot from the penalty spot, which is 6.475m directly in front of the goal line.

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“The attacking player tries to hit the ball into the goal while the goalkeeper uses his stick and body to prevent the ball from crossing the goal line.”

What is a free kick?

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A free hit is awarded to a team when the opposing team commits a foul outside the circle. It is taken near the crime scene.

In the case of a free hit, the ball must be stationary and the opponents must be at least five meters away from the ball.

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How many players are on a hockey team?

In ice hockey, each team has 11 players, including 10 field players and a goalie.

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There are five substitutes on the bench and there is no limit to the number of times a player can be substituted.

This is commonly referred to as continuous substitution.

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