Queen’s Speech 2022: What new laws have been announced?

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The Queen’s Speech was written by the Government and outlines the legislation she plans to introduce

The Queen’s speech included a raft of new measures, including legislation to rejuvenate high streets and tackle truancy.

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Prince Charles delivered the speech at the State Opening of Parliament after the Queen, who suffers from mobility issues, was forced to withdraw from the event for the first time in almost 60 years.

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The speech, written by the government, included education reforms and a vow to improve tenants’ rights. It also includes detailed plans for wide-ranging changes to the country’s railways.

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The Queen’s Speech, written by the Government, was delivered by the Prince of Wales.

The government, it said, will make it a priority to “grow and strengthen the economy” and help lower the cost of living for families.

It also pledged to take action to prevent “dangerous and illegal Channel crossings” and crack down on the criminal gangs who profit from the trips.

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In all, the speech covered 38 bills or bills, including some carried over from the last session of Parliament. Here’s what you need to know about them.

What new legislation will be introduced?

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A Schools Act for England will tackle truancy, strengthen the powers of education control and reform the funding system.

This will allow Channel 4 to be privatised.

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Level up and Regeneration Bill

This is expected to give local leaders the power to rejuvenate high streets by forcing landlords to rent vacant shop units.

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It will see the creation of a new public sector body to oversee British railways. Great British Railways (GBR) will “simplify” the rail network and improve services for passengers, says a Downing Street briefing document on the Transport Act.

It will take over the state infrastructure company Network Rail and perform many functions of the Department of Transport. GBR will contract passenger service to private companies to operate trains.

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The bill also includes legislation that would allow self-driving and remote-controlled vehicles and ships, as well as supporting the introduction of more charging stations for electric vehicles as part of the transition from gasoline to diesel models.

Focused on paving the way for new, low-carbon technologies and expanding the consumer electric heat pump market. It will

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Appointment of Ofgem as the new regulator for heating networks and extension of the energy price cap.

British infrastructure bank bill

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Sets the bank into law, with clear goals to support regional and local economic growth and to achieve net zero.

This will shorten the corporate interest rate revaluation cycle from five to three years from 2023 onwards.

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Bill product safety and telecommunications infrastructure

Obliges manufacturers, importers and distributors of smart devices to comply with minimum security standards.

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Electronic Commercial Documents Bill

This will put electronic commercial documents on the same legal footing as their paper equivalents, which the government says will eliminate “wasteful paperwork” and “unnecessary bureaucracy”.

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High Speed ​​Train (Crewe – Manchester) Bill

Provides the powers to build and operate the next stage of the High Speed ​​Two (HS2) network between Crewe and Manchester.

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Creates new powers to strengthen the ability to amend, repeal or replace existing EU law by reducing dependency on primary law. It would mean that laws inherited from the European Union could be changed more easily.

This enshrines in law the objectives of government procurement, including: providing value for money, maximizing public benefit, treating suppliers equally and without discrimination, and acting and acting with integrity.

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Financial Services and Markets Act

Repeals retained EU law on financial services and updates regulators’ goals to bring greater focus on growth and international competitiveness.

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The legislation will reform the UK’s data protection regime, replacing regulations inherited from the European Union with a system that “focuses on data protection outcomes, not ticking boxes”.

Trade (Australia and New Zealand) Bill

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The legislation will ensure the UK can meet the obligations set out in free trade agreements with Australia and New Zealand.

Prime Minister Boris Johnson (left) and Labor Party leader Keir Starmer walk through the central lobby in the Palace of Westminster before the opening of Parliament in the House of Lords in London.

Genetic Engineering (Precision Breeding) Bill

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The new laws will remove EU measures that prevent the development and marketing of “precision-bred” plants and animals using techniques such as gene editing.

Could be used to set minimum qualification requirements for a person in England eligible for student loans to go to university, effectively restricting access.

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A lifetime loan entitlement will also be created to help people retrain.

Draft law on the ordinance on social housing

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Aims to improve tenants’ rights after the Grenfell Tower disaster, with increased powers for the regulator.

This seeks to abolish so-called no-fault evictions by removing Section 21 of the Housing Act 1988, but also seeks to reform landlord tenure grounds and strengthen them for repeated cases of rent arrears.

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Harbors (Remuneration of Seafarers’ Bill).

As part of the mass layoffs of P&O Ferries workers, the move seeks to crack down on ferry operators who don’t pay the national minimum wage by giving ports new powers to levy surcharges and ultimately bar them from the port.

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It will also force operators to ensure all seafarers on UK territory are paid a fair wage and provide legal sanctions for cases of non-compliance or the provision of false information.

Social Security Act (special rules for the end of life).

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The goal is to give more people nearing the end of their lives access to three disability benefits: Personal Independence Payment, Disability Living Allowance, and Nursing Allowance.

These include a new crackdown on “guerrilla protests” with tougher penalties, as well as new criminal offenses for those who stick to roads or “clip” to public transport infrastructure.

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This will reform existing espionage laws to counter modern threats and introduce new crimes aimed at state-sponsored sabotage, foreign interference, theft of trade secrets, and aiding a foreign intelligence agency.

White Collar Crime and Corporate Transparency Bill

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This aims to crack down on illicit finance, including by creating new powers to seize crypto assets faster and expanding powers to verify information in the business register.

The aim is to increase support for victims of human trafficking and modern slavery, including by increasing sanctions for violations of the Slavery and Human Trafficking Prevention and Vulnerability Regulations.

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Legislation carried over from the previous parliamentary session includes measures aimed at forcing online giants to take responsibility for protecting users and removing illegal content.

Reforms affecting human rights law are being introduced, but the bill does not appear to go as far as replacing previously proposed legislation.

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Northern Ireland Issues (Legacy and Reconciliation) Bill

Establishes a system of immunity from prosecution for riot-related crimes and establishes a new independent Reconciliation and Information Recovery Commission to enable individuals and family members to seek and obtain information about what happened to their loved ones.

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Identity and Language (Northern Ireland) Bill

The legislation will strengthen and develop the Ulster Scots/Ulster British tradition in Northern Ireland while recognizing and protecting the Irish language, based on the provisions of the New Decade, New Approach Deal.

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Animal welfare (kept animals) bill.

The law will ban the export of live animals, combat pup smuggling and ban the keeping of primates as pets without a permit.

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Bans the controversial practice of attempting to change sexual orientation but not gender identity.

Higher Education (Freedom of Speech) Bill.

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As part of the government’s Culture War agenda, the legislation will introduce new freedoms of expression and academic duties for higher education providers, their constituent colleges and student unions.

Boycotts, Divestments and Sanctions Bill

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Prevents public entities from effectively conducting their own foreign policy by campaigning to boycott goods from specific countries. The move follows efforts by councils to boycott goods from Israel.

The Prince of Wales sits next to the Imperial State Crown during the State Opening of Parliament at the House of Lords in London. Image: Ben Stansall/PA Wire

What are bills?

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These are bills that are introduced in a first draft form so that they can be considered in detail before being introduced, usually by a select committee of the House of Commons or the Lord. The procedure is called “pre-legislative examination”.

The bills discussed were:

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The law will enshrine the Victims’ Code into law and improve the support they receive – particularly for victims of sexual violence, domestic violence and serious violence.

Following the Manchester Arena bombing, legislation will introduce new requirements for certain public places and venues to create terrorism response plans.

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Bill reforming the Mental Health Act

Revise existing powers to protect patients’ freedom and prevent people with learning disabilities from being imprisoned without their consent.

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Draft bill on digital markets, competition and consumer law

Takes action against “subscription traps” and fake ratings, strengthens consumer protection through Christmas savings clubs.

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Also gives the competition and market authority the power to decide when consumer laws have been violated and to impose penalties for those violations.

This establishes a new statutory regulator, the Audit, Reporting and Governance Authority, and empowers it to enforce directors’ financial reporting duties.

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