Independence came into force at midnight on August 15, 1947 – and with it almost 200 years of British colonial rule ended.
At that time India’s first prime minister Jawaharlal Nehru said the country is on a path of revival and renaissance.
He said: “A moment comes that rarely occurs in history as we transition from the old to the new.
“When an age ends and when the long-suppressed soul of a nation is expressed.”
Here’s what you need to know.
What is Indian Independence Day?
India celebrated its first year of independence on August 15, 1947. This means that in 2022 India will be free from British rule for 75 years.
The territory it ruled over was divided or partitioned into India and the new state of Pakistan – with East Pakistan later becoming Bangladesh.
This led to a wave of violence that displaced some 15 million people and killed an estimated one million.
Since then, India and Pakistan have remained rivals.
How is Indian Independence Day celebrated?
Every year on India’s Independence Day, the country’s citizens hoist flags while singing the country’s national anthem and cultural parades are held across the country.
The Prime Minister also hoists the national flag and delivers a speech at the Red Fort in New Delhi.
It is a tradition started by the first Prime Minister of India, Jawaharlal Nehru, who raised the national flag over the Lahori Gate of the Red Fort in Delhi in 1947.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi presided over the Independence Day celebrations today.
Addressing the nation, he said: “Our tricolor is not only flying in India, but in every corner of the world in all its glory.
“During our freedom struggle there was not a year that our freedom fighters were not subjected to brutality and cruelty.
“Today is the day when, in paying our respects to them, we must remember their vision and dream for India.”
He added: “The way the world sees India is changing. There is hope from India and it is because of the skills of 1.3 billion Indians. The diversity of India is our strength.”
How to say Happy India Independence Day?
There are different ways to wish the people of India a Happy Independence Day.
- “Let’s keep alive the memory of all the people who gave their lives for our country. I wish you a happy Independence Day.”
- “My love for my nation knows no bounds. My love for my people is endless. All I wish for my country is happiness. Let me be the first to wish you a special Happy Independence Day.”
- “We gained our freedom after many sacrifices; we should never take it for granted. Happy Independence Day.”
- “On this Independence Day, let us make a pledge to protect the peace, diversity, harmony and unity of our great nation. Happy Independence Day.”
What are the best India Independence Day quotes?
Numerous influential people have spoken about Indian Independence Day in the past and these are some of the key quotes that people have said.
- “At the stroke of midnight, when the world is asleep, India will awaken to life and freedom.” – Former Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru.
- “Liberty is not worth having if it does not mean freedom from erring and even from sin.” – the political ethicist Mahatma Gandhi, who helped lead the independence campaign.
- “Until you gain social liberty, any liberty the law grants will do you no good.” – BR Ambedkar, a political leader and social reformer.