India 1947: division in color will detail the events surrounding the events leading up to the official declaration of independence of India and Pakistan from the United Kingdom.
The two-part series will show many of the events in color for the first time, almost 75 years after they first appeared.
So how to watch the documentary — and what happened at the split?
What was the partition of India?
In 1947 India consisted of the present-day states of India, Pakistan and Bangladesh.
Until August 1947 this area was largely under the political control of the United Kingdom – a legacy of the British Empire which had ruled the region for almost 200 years.
The Queen was the head of state as part of the British Raj.
Reluctant to establish colonial rule in India, the United Kingdom drew up plans to partition India into two separate states that would be independent of Britain and each other.
These were India and Pakistan.
Pakistan was divided into western part and East Pakistan, the latter gaining independence in 1971 and becoming Bangladesh.
Religious tensions in the country between Hindus and Muslims led the country’s overseers to divide areas along religious lines.
India had a larger Hindu population while Pakistan contained mostly Muslims.
But since the dividing lines of the countries did not exactly coincide with the locations of this religious population, this led to millions of refugees fleeing to one state or another.
There was also a lot of violence as religious groups stranded in the wrong areas were attacked by the rest of the population.
An estimated one million people died in the conflict.
The aftermath of partition is still being felt today, as India and Pakistan enjoy poor diplomatic relations and are locked in a conflict over the Kashmir region — an area claimed by the two governments in Islamabad and New Delhi.
Who was Lord Mountbatten?
Lord Louis Mountbatten was the last foreign governor of India.
Installed in the post to oversee the partition of India in February 1947, he resigned in June 1948 when India changed its constitution.
Lord Mountbatten, uncle of Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, served in the Royal Navy during the First and Second World Wars.
In the latter conflict, he commanded British forces in Southeast Asia, which recaptured Singapore and Burma (modern-day Myanmar).
After leaving India, he commanded the British Mediterranean Fleet.
He became First Sea Lord before becoming Chief of Defense Staff.
Lord Mountbatten was killed by an IRA bomb in 1979 at the age of 79 while on holiday in Ireland.
How to watch India 1947: Partition in color
Channel 4 will air the first part of India 1947: Partition in Color on Sunday 7th August at 9pm.
The first episode covers the appointment of Lord Mountbatten as Viceroy of India in February 1947.
Part two, which will air next Sunday (14 August) at 9pm, chronicles India’s descent into violence and chaos.